TRAIL RUNNING SHOES: WHAT DOES DROP IN RUNNING SHOES MEAN
Choosing the right shoe is fundamental in trail running and the drop is an element to consider. The Drop is the difference in height between the heel support and the support of the front part of the foot at the level of the midsole. The difference in height keeps the foot inside the shoes more or less inclined.
The Drop of trail running shoes generally varies from 12 mm to 4 mm, but for the followers of the natural running or “barefooting” theories it reaches 0.
Let’s go through the main characteristics of the different types of Drop.
- Drop 0 mm. Shoes used by lovers of natural running. For most athletes, it is difficult to adapt easily to using this type of footwear without a risk of injury due to the excessive stress of the Achilles tendon and a limited cushioning. These shoes are more suitable for flat and soft terrains.
- Drop 4 mm. An almost flat shoe suitable for runners with excellent running technique landing first on the middle or front of their feet. Recommended for those who are advanced athletes looking for top sports performance in short distance trail running races.
- Drop between 6 mm and 10 mm. Here we find the trail running shoes suitable for most trail runners. The choice of the Drop will depend on the type of support, the athlete’s experience and running technique, the recurrence of injuries, the type of races and the duration of the training sessions, especially the long runs.
- Drop 12 mm. These are trail running shoes with the back of the heel generally very cushioned, suitable for beginners in trail running and for those who need a shoe that can keep up with the fatigue arising after many hours of competition offering additional foot support.
THE TRM COACHES ADVICE: Trail running is a sport that often takes place on terrains with roughness and obstacles. In these situations the foot needs both to be protected against rocks and other natural obstacles and to be supported and supported by a sufficiently cushioned shoe. The athlete will have to take into consideration that, with the onset of fatigue, her/he will inevitably tend to modify the running biomechanics and the efficiency of the athletic gesture, increasing the risk of injuries.
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Digital Strategic Marketing Director – certified Innovation Manager – in multinational companies, she is still today the only Italian female athlete to have ran 900 km and 55,000m D+ in the mountains in a single stage race (Transpyrenea 2016, 3rd women overall). She counts numerous Podiums and international Victories on races over 100k. She holds a SNaQ CONI certification as a Trail Running Coach, Athletic Trainer and in Nutrition and Sports Supplementation. Since 2014 she is President and sports executive of innovative technology startups and companies, including Trail Running Movement and Digital Sport 360. She trains elite trail running athletes and she teaches in trail running coach certification courses. She is an author of sports articles on training, nutrition and supplementation in trail running and running, both in Italian and in English and Spanish. She manages relationships and collaborations with Federations and Race Organizers.